What are the advantages of piers constructed monolithically with the bridge deck over usage of bearings?

Basically, piers constructed monolithically with the bridge deck are advantageous in the following ways:

  1. In this way, it saves the construction cost of bearings by using monolithic construction between bridge deck and piers. Moreover, it is not necessary to spend extra effort to design for drainage details and access for bearing replacement. On the other hand, in maintenance aspect substantial cost and time savings could be obtained by using monolithic construction instead of using bearings as bridge.
  2. Monolithic construction possesses the shortest effective Euler buckling length for piers because they are fixed supports at the interface between bridge deck and piers.

Note: Monolithic construction means that piers are connected to bridge decks without any
joints and bearings.

Ref: Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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